Math Fun Facts!
hosted by the Harvey Mudd College Math Department created, authored and ©1999-2010 by Francis Su
Subscribe to our RSS feed   or follow us on Twitter.
Get a random Fun Fact!
No subject limitations
Search only in selected subjects
    Calculus or Analysis
    Number Theory
    Other subjects
  Select Difficulty  
Enter keywords 

  The Math Fun Facts App!
  List All : List Recent : List Popular
  About Math Fun Facts / How to Use
  Contributors / Fun Facts Home
© 1999-2010 by Francis Edward Su
All rights reserved.

From the Fun Fact files, here is a Fun Fact at the Easy level:

Shortest Pythagorean Proof?

Figure 1
Figure 1

Here is one of the shortest proofs of the Pythagorean Theorem.

Suppose we are given any right triangle with sides of lengths A, B, C. In order to show that

A2 + B2 = C2
it is enough to show for any set of three similar figures whose widths relate to each other in the proportions A:B:C, that the area of the largest figure is the sum of the two smaller figures. This follows because area scales like the square of the width. The figures can be any shape.

So, let's use the original triangle for the shape of the figures that we'll use! Figure 1 shows that we've placed 3 blue triangles along the sides of the ABC right triangle so that their widths clearly relate to each other in the proportions A:B:C.

The two smaller blue triangles are congruent to the light and dark green right triangles, and the largest blue triangle is congruent to the entire ABC triangle. Since the sum of the areas of the green triangles equals the area of the ABC triangle, the sum of the areas of the smaller blue triangles equals the area of the largest blue triangle, as was to be shown!

Presentation Suggestions:
This is a lot easier to say than to write out in a Fun Fact file! It's almost a proof without words!

The Math Behind the Fact:
Clever dissections of geometrical figures can give new insights! It is fun to try to think of new proofs to old theorems!

How to Cite this Page:
Su, Francis E., et al. "Shortest Pythagorean Proof?." Math Fun Facts. <>.

Keywords:    geometry, Pythagoras, proofs without words
Subjects:    geometry
Level:    Easy
Fun Fact suggested by:   Jorge Aarao
Suggestions? Use this form.
Click to rate this Fun Fact...
    *   Awesome! I totally dig it!
    *   Fun enough to tell a friend!
    *   Mildly interesting
    *   Not really noteworthy
and see the most popular Facts!
New: get the MathFeed iPhone App!

Brings you news and views on math:
showcasing its power, beauty, and humanity

Want another Math Fun Fact?

For more fun, tour the Mathematics Department at Harvey Mudd College!